The Imphal strategy alliance with India

The Imphal strategy
alliance with India

Independence of India

 India emerged from colonial rule by England and became independent on August 15, 1947. At last, they were freed from colonial rule and it continued for more than 400 years. We must never forget about the independence of India and the history of the war of Japan.

The enemy of Japan

 The Japanese military started a march towards the city of Imphal in northeastern India in March, 1944. The enemy of the Japanese military was not the Indian military. It was British troops who made the colonial rule of India. The British military drafted 150,000 soldiers which were made up of 70% Indian people and 30% British people, and the total military power of the Japanese military there was made up of 90,000 Japanese soldiers and 40,000 soldiers from the Indian National Army.

The Indian National Army and Hideki Tojo

 I’m going to mention about the Indian National Army which played an important role for the independence of India. There was a hero by the name of Chandra Bose an Indian independence activist. He had a dream of being independent of India, while Japanese people who are people of color fought against Western European countries. He asked the Soviet Union for support for the independence of India to make his dream come true, but he was declined. Although he didn’t give up and fled to Germany and asked Hitler for support, but he was declined and Hitler said, “It will take 150 more years for the independence of India.” But in 1941, he was a step closer to his dream. Hideki Tojo who was the Prime Minister of Japan at that time decided to support him. After he had the support of Japan, he formed “Provisional Government of Free India” in Singapore and assumed the first head of government. Then he formed the Indian National Army and assumed the commander in chief for the independence of India. Because this support was established, Japan would support the independence of India officially.

The Indian National Army rises up

 In 1941 when the Indian National Army was formed, Japan was fighting British troops in the Malay Peninsula. But soldiers who were forced to fight on the front line were of indigenous strain, the western people of colonial power commanded them from the rear. Because of this, most of the captives who surrendered to the Japanese military were Malaysian and Indian. The Japanese military which occupied the Malay Peninsula released the Indian captives who surrendered in order to support the independence of India and left security of the Malay Peninsula to them. The Indian captives who fought as enemies until a few days ago were impressed that the Japanese people trusted them, and they led the Japanese military proactively and appealed to their countrymen to surrender in sequence. Because of this, Indians who surrendered increased rapidly and 40,000 people of the Indian National Army gathered for the independence of India.

Marching to Imphal

 The Imphal strategy by the Japanese military and the Indian National Army was started for two purposes, to cut off the supply support route to the Republic of China by the United Nations military and to be independent of India. The total military power of the Japanese military was 90,000 soldiers but because of the lack of battle supplies, the actual soldiers who could march to Imphal were only 60,000. From the Indian National Army, 6,000 of the 40,000 soldiers set out there.

A crushing defeat and war loss

 The result of the Imphal strategy was a crushing defeat for the Japanese military. It is not necessary to express the result of the battle here. Japan surrendered to the United Nations on August 15, 1945, regardless of the result of the Imphal strategy. Now, let’s move on to a story about the independence of India.

The Indian National Army rises up

 Chandra Bose who established the Indian National Army didn’t give up the independence of India after the defeat of Japan. In the middle of fleeing to the Soviet Union to get support from the Soviet Union, he lost his life by an unlucky plane accident and became a legend. A difficult situation was awaiting the Indian National Army which lost Chandra Bose. England where colonial rule was natural at that time was going to charge approximately 20,000 soldiers of the Indian National Army with treason. It was an example of controlling India. But the dream of independence that the Japanese military and the Indian National Army had turned into Indian hope.

India had independence in its hand

 The Indian nation thought of the Indian National Army as “The patriots who fought for the independence of India.” Therefore, they demanded England immediately release 20,000 soldiers of the Indian National Army. A strike and a general strike occurred in sequence in India. The citizens clashed with police officers intensely, the Army rose in revolt, too, and the marines called themselves “the Indian National Navy.” The war over Japan victory parade by England was boycotted, and flags were flown on houses at half-mast for Japan. This sort of fight by citizens continued for two years, and finally England decided to cancel the trial out of necessity in May of 1947. Three months later on August 15, 1947, the colonial rule that lasted several hundred years over India was over, and India gained independence at last.

The reason for fighting

 It is because of the Imphal strategy that many Japanese soldiers lost their lives, but it is said in this way in India, “Independence War against England.” Anyone would oppose war, however, I think whether there were times when people couldn’t help but fight. It was a time when racial discrimination and colonial rule were natural. It was a time when people of color were ruled over. The thing which was the most necessary for India to be independent might have been to have hope and courage for each other and to stand up in such times. Because Japan was able to give Indian citizens hope and courage, don’t you think this fight would have a big significance?

The words that Indian representatives left

「Former First Indian Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru」
 India will be independent soon. It is Japan that gave India
 an opportunity to become independent. The independence of
 India was advanced by 30 years thanks to Japan.
 We must not forget this favor.
 It is not only for India, it is also for all the Southeast Asian
 races such as Indonesia and Vietnam Indian citizens will not
 hesitate to cooperate for the revival of the Japanese people.
 The other Southeast Asian people will, also.
「Former President, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan」
 In India, we couldn’t imagine sinking an unsinkable British
 battleship in those days. The Japanese who are Asian
 the same as us attacked and sank it admirably.
 We were surprised, but we also had the feeling that we
 could do that because of the accomplishment.
「The Judge, Radhabinod Pal」
 Western countries had a purpose to stigmatize Japan with
 a sin for 17 years, and at the same time to flaunt validation
 of their aggression in Asia by a constant reminder that Japan
 performed an aggressive war in history.

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